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No. 2, December 2007

In its second issue, El Norte offers research articles on the Uruguay-River pulp mill controversy, current international financial architecture transformations and on the historical Panama Canal concession.

The transformation of Latin American boundaries is the focus of El Norte's 2007 issue. The Uruguay-river pulp mill dispute has put the borders of Mercosul and relations of many countries under pressure and reconfiguration. Assemblies, companies, governments and the mass media are refiguring the new setting. The border-theme is prominent also in the Panama Canal concession-reevaluating article, which shows how important role an individual can play in international relations. Lastly, El Norte offers an article demonstrating how the international financial architecture has become lately under thorough transformation, which has important consequences for Latin American states.



El Embajador Olvidado: A Reexamination of Dr. Tomás Herrán, 1902-1904

By Charlton Yingling

This article re-evaluates the events of trans-isthmian canal concessions and the correlated issue of Panama’s status within the Colombian state. The author argues Tomás Herrán to have been a central character, not only in the Panama Canal issue, but also in US-Latin American relations and 20th century world history in general.


Direct Democracy in an Environmental Movement: Argentine Asambleas in the Uruguay River Pulp Mill Controversy

By Taru Salmenkari

Taru Salmenkari approaches the Argentinean resistance to the Fray Bentos pulp mills by a close look on the “asamblea” organizations. The asamblea-type organization has affected late social movements in Argentina. The author argues networking strategies and working methods typical to the asamblea-model to have contributed to wide participation and empowerment within the Environmental Asamblea of Gualeguaychú and Asamblea de San Telmo, but sometimes at the cost of external empowerment.


Global Economy Issues and the International Board of Arbitration for Sovereign Debt (IBAD)

By Oscar Ugarteche & Alberto Acosta

By offering examples from Wall Street to Latin American countries, the authors argue that the international financial architecture that existed for the second half of the 20th century has now become obsolete. The article proposes new elements for international financial architecture: an International Board of Arbitration for Sovereign Debt, accompanied by an International Financial Code and conditionality to secure economic, social and cultural rights.


 Notes & Reviews

Pulp Fiction? Globalizing Industry and Nationalistic Rhetoric in Argentina, Uruguay and Finland

By Jussi Pakkasvirta

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